Here is a video collage of today's events:
Today we started with what is, no doubt, the premier site in Jordan, the fabulous ruins of the Nabatean city of Petra. The Nabateans were an early Arab people who moved into much of the territory of the Old Testament kingdom of Edom (the Edomites, in the Persian period, moved into the southern part of OT Judah and became the Idumeans of the New Testament). They expanded their territory east, south, and into the Sinai and became incredibly wealthy in the first centuries before and after Christ because of their acumen as merchants and in particular because of their control of the spice trade.
They built their capital in a sunken valley surrounded by high mountains that had only one way in and out, the narrow cleft valley known as the Siq. Approaching the siq and in the valley itself are hundreds of tombs cut right into the rock face, many of them incredibly ornamented. Perhaps the most famous, the so-called Treasury, is known from the Indiana Jones movie The Last Crusade.
|Our local guide, Roberto, bringing us though the Siq|
|An old Beduin man playing a traditional instrument|
|The Nabateans were masters at controlling the desert's sparse water resources|
|Coming to the end of the Siq, channeling our Indiana Jones Last Crusade, to come to . . .|
|. . . this! The famous tomb, perhaps of King Aretas IV, known as "The Treasury." Aretas' daughter was married to Herod Antipas. When he divorced her to marry his brother's wife Herodias, the Nabatean king attached the Herodian tetrarch.|
|The rock-cut theater|
|Many more tombs are cut into the cliffs surrounding the city site of Petra|
|Blooming oleander splashes color among the ruins of Petra|
|800 steps lead up to the Monastery|
|Standing with Rachel in front of the Great Circle pool where she worked last summer|
|Close-up of some of the Great Circle excavation|
Then there was the frantic race to get all the way back down the mountain, through the city, up the Siq, and up the long road to the bus area. As always, we mistimed it and had to walk and double-time. It was not enough: we were going to be late though I had warned the others in our group not to do just that. We had joined with some friends, some of whom took horse carts up. We did not want to pay the high price, but I finally got one for Rachel and my neighbor Ruby Beeston, which left here husband Bill and me to trot as fast as we could. It was not enough. As we got out of the siq and still had a long way to go, I broke down and rented horses for us. It was Bill's first time on a horse. I channeled my Dad and Grandpa and galloped most of the way, wishing I had my Indiana Jones hat back on rather than my gifted keffiyeh.
|Beduin drivers taking tourists in 4x4's through Wadi Rum|
This desert valley was known as "The Valley of the Romans" (Arabic, وادي رم) perhaps because many ascetic Byzantine monks (remember Byzantines = Greek-speaking, Christian Romans) withdrew to isolated spots like this to get away from the world and be with God. Because it is in so many ways a quintessential Arabian desert, movies such as "Lawrence of Arabia" and recently "The Martian" were filmed here.
We all piled into 4x4 pickup trucks and went on a mad drive through the sand. We stopped to look at interesting, really an ancient carvings of the mysterious Thamudic culture (kind of like the American Anastazi). We also stopped at a magnificent canyon lookout that gave us a view of the vast Plains of Midian, which gave us a chance to talk about the wanderings of the Children of Israel in the wilderness.
|Looking out towards the Plains of Midian|